Gurudwara Mattan is one of the holy place of Sikh region. This Gurudwara is also known as Gurudwara Guru Nanak Dev. This is another important pilgrimage for Sikhs in Jammu and Kashmir which is located around 60 kms from Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir. It is believed that this is the place where Guru Nanak Ji had discussion with Pandit Brahm Das. Pandit Brahm Das was a great Sanskrit Scholar who used to carry huge stock of books recited by him.
Gurudwara Mattan Sahib in Srinagar
The Gurudwara Mattan Sahib in Srinagar is a place where Guru Nanak ji spoke with Pandit Brahm Das. When Pandit Brahm Das was coming towards Guru Sahib recited the following lines :
One may read thousands of books, with a cart load of books to follow,One may study innumerable epics or fill,One’s cellars with volumes of study,One may read for generations and generations,And spend every month in the year studyingAnd one may read one’s entire life,Right up to one’s last breath,Sayeth Nanak, there is one truth His name only,All else is vanity of the egoistic mind “.
On hearing these lines Pandit fell on the feets of Guru Sahib and became his follower. From that day Pandit Brahm started following Sikh religion. Guru Sahib stayed at Pandit Brahm Das’s residence for few days. A Muslim saint also discussed religious aspect with Guru Sahib.
In 1516, Guru Nanak started his Third Udasi (missionary tour). During his trip he visited Mansarovar, Tibet, China, Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir. While he was in Kashmir, he reached Mattan in the interior of the valley. Mattan was famous as a site who had the ruins of temples. There was a Sikh saint Sardara Hari Singh Nalwa who constructed seven Gurudwara Sahib’s on the twin side of Springs, in which Sri Guru Granth Sahib were installed. Later in 1905-1909, Gurudwara Sahib were removed in Dogra Rule.
Brahmins of Mattan
Every year in the summer season, huge number of people from all over the country and world visit Gurudwara Mattan. Years later, in 1675 A.D. large number of people who were Kashmiri Brahmins of Mattan visited Anandpur Sahib in a group and narrated their tale of woe to Guru Tegh Bahadur. Guru Tegh Bahadur who was deeply moved by their plight went in a deep thought and a long unbroken silence descended there at that moment. It is believed that at that critical and heartfelt moment, the young Sahibzada Gobind Rai bychance entered that audience hall and ask his father about the reason behind this silence. The ninth Guru informed him that about the critical situation that had arisen in the country in the wake of the religious persecution of Hindus by the Mughal rulers, he also told him that only the sacrifice of great holy man could save the doomed Pandits. The young prince Sahibzada Gobind Rai replied, ‘there could be no greater Holy man to accomplish this task than you my father’. These remarks of young prince startled the audience as well as the other people who were present in that room and settled the issue in the mind of the great Guru.
The Gurudwara Mattan is situated at a distance of 60 KMs from Srinagar, also called as Martand, which is an ancient town four kilometers northeast of Anantnag.
Gurudwara Mattan is holy shrine of Sikhs. This place gives immense peace and is also an old place of srinagar. By visiting this place you would come to know about the historical background of this place. This place has spring as well inside the Gurudwara.